Question 12 points Save The definition of “health” includesabsence of illness.physical fitness.mental and social well-being.all of theseQuestion 22 points Save In the early 1900s, the leading causes of death in the United States wereaccidents.infectious diseases.chronic diseases.natural disasters.Question 32 points Save In 1947, the ________ clarified that “health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity.”U.S. Department of Health ServicesInternational Health, Education, and Welfare AssociationWorld Health OrganizationUnited NationsQuestion 42 points Save Wellness is best defined asa static process.a dynamic process.one dimensional.unrelated to one’s environment.Question 52 points Save Life expectancy in the United States has increased significantly since the early 1900s because ofless war and violence.better advances in sanitation and medical care.a more diverse population.globalization issues.Question 62 points Save Today’s major health issues and leading causes of death are primarily influenced bythe physical environment.access to health care.genetics and family history.behavior and lifestyles.Question 72 points Save The dimensions of physical health include all of the following except:activities of daily living.ability to think clearly.body shape and size.sensory acuity.Question 82 points Save Mortality statistics describeillness rates.accident rates.chronic disease rates.death rates.Question 92 points Save Jill has many friends, is respected by her co-workers, and maintains a great relationship with her boyfriend. Her ability to interact with others is an example of this dimension of health.socialintellectualemotionalphysicalQuestion 102 points Save Efficacy, trust, love, self-esteem, and self confidence are all part of which dimension of health?socialintellectualphysicalemotionalQuestion 112 points Save Spiritual health could best be described asexclusive to religiosity.optional for achieving wellness.related to one’s purpose in life.finding fulfilling relationships.Question 122 points Save Emotional health can best be described asbeing able to be self-sufficient and self confident.being able to problem solve emotional problems.being able to express as well as control feelings.being able to adapt to various social situations.Question 132 points Save In 1990, the U.S. Surgeon General proposed a plan for promoting the health status of individuals and groups. Today, the plan has evolved intoHealthy People 2010.The Nation’s Health Report.U.S. News & World Report.Morbidity and Mortality Report.Question 142 points Save Health promotioninvolves social justice aimed at health care for all Americans.refers to informational campaigns about health.includes organizational and financial supports to promote health.focuses on curing illness and disease.Question 152 points Save Behaviors that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes arecues to action.risk behaviors.precipitating behavioral factors.reinforcing positive behaviors.Question 162 points Save Effective health promotion programsonly look to change negative behaviors.are primarily educational.encourage those with sound health habits to maintain them.can’t do much to change health related individual attitudes.Question 172 points Save Taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later is known ashealth intervention.prevention.tertiary care.attitude adjustment.Question 182 points Save An example of secondary prevention isreceiving the flu vaccine.flossing your teeth.practicing safe sex.joining a smoking cessation program.Question 192 points Save Health education for elementary school students is best described as which of the following levels of prevention?primarysecondarytertiaryinitialQuestion 202 points Save An exercise and healthy eating plan to recover from coronary bypass surgery is an example ofhealth promotion.secondary prevention.tertiary prevention.primary prevention.Question 212 points Save Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard isnot yet established by science.only true for people who smoke.one of the ten greatest public health achievements of the twentieth century.only important for young people.Question 222 points Save Clean, safe, water and improved sanitation have contributed tocontrol of infectious disease.better governmental social control.better studies of the population’s drinking habits.cancer causing microorganisms.Question 232 points Save The number of new cases of an illness each year is referred to asprevalence.incidence.mortality.morbidity.Question 242 points Save The usual number of cases of an illness occurring in the United States would be reported as theprevalence.incidence.mortality.morbidity.Question 252 points Save One reason women have not been included in clinical drug trials isbecause two separate trials for men and women would be needed.concern about how a medication would affect a fetus or childbearing capabilities.problems with recruiting women to be involved with the studies.women tend to drop out of studies.Question 262 points Save The Women’s Health Initiative is a study focusing onthe health of women of all ages.the leading causes of death for young women.the leading causes of death for postmenopausal women.the disease rates in women of all ages.Question 272 points Save The first leading cause of death for young adults (ages 15-24) in the United States isunintentional injuries.homicide.suicide.cancer.Question 282 points Save The leading cause of death for Americans isaccidents.cancer.heart disease.suicide.Question 292 points Save Factors that may add “life to your years” includecontrolling stress.viewing mistakes as an opportunity to grow.maintaining relationships with family and friends.all of theseQuestion 302 points Save Life experiences, knowledge, family background, beliefs, and values are examples ofenabling factors.reinforcing factors.motivational factors.predisposing factors.Question 312 points Save Leisa grew up in a physically active family. Now that Leisa lives on her own, they continually check on her to see if she is exercising and praise her for joining a fitness club. This is an example ofa predisposing factor.a confirming factor.a reinforcing factor.an enabling factor.Question 322 points Save A high membership cost at a local gym might serve as aprimary motivator.positive enabler.secondary motivator.negative enabler.Question 332 points Save A good example of an enabling factor isliving near a walking path when you want to begin a walking program.nagging your parents because they smoke.encouraging your spouse to go to the fitness club with you.having friends who exercise.Question 342 points Save Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes arehealth promotion activities.disease prevention activities.exposure factors.risk behaviors.Question 352 points Save An adolescent smoker might think lung cancer only happens to old people. This is an example of which construct of the Health Belief Model?perceived seriousnessperceived susceptibilitycues to actiondemographic variablesQuestion 362 points Save A stable set of beliefs and feelings isa belief.an attitude.motivation.a conviction.Question 372 points Save Observing a friend’s successful attempts to quit smoking in order to help yourself quit smoking is an example ofconforming.shaping.envy.modeling.Question 382 points Save According to the Theory of Planned Behavior, subjective normsare not linked to our behavioral intentions.can have a strong positive or negative impact on our behavioral intentions.comprise what we think about the effects of our actions.relate to our beliefs about the constraints on our behaviors.Question 392 points Save When applying the strategy of shaping to behavior change, one shouldset very demanding goals for oneself.only reward oneself when reaching the main goal.use small achievable steps.expect this strategy to provide immediate success.Question 402 points Save Going out for dinner as a reward for finishing a big project is an example of a(n) ________ type of reinforcer.activitypossessionalconsumablesocialQuestion 412 points Save Lower health insurance rates for non-smokers is an example of a/an ________ type of reinforcer.possessionalmanipulativesocialactivityQuestion 422 points Save Not allowing yourself to think about getting stage fright and only focusing on the words when preparing to do a speech would be an example ofrational emotive therapy.blocking/thought stopping.self-instruction.self-threats.Question 432 points Save All of the following would be good advice for changing a behavior except:Understand your behavior.Make several major changes at the same time.Build in support and reinforcement.Plan for setbacks.Question 442 points Save When analyzing personal behavior, consider all of the following except:the frequency of the problem behavior.what your partner thinks of your behavior.the duration of the behavior.your perceived seriousness of the problem behavior.Question 452 points Save In order to change problem behaviorsset realistic goals.try to change all negative behaviors at the same time.have a counselor decide which behavior to work on.consider the possible negative outcomes.it will cost money.Question 462 points Save Many athletes use this strategy to visualize attainment of goals.coachingimagined rehearsalathletic imageryvicarious performanceQuestion 472 points Save A strategy for overcoming the obstacle of stress could includeseeking emotional support.identifying sources of stress.finding constructive ways to deal with stress.all of theseQuestion 483 points Save When setting realistic goals, considerif the behavior change is attainable.the potential outcomes.services that may be of help in achieving the goal.all of theseQuestion 493 points Save Rational-emotive therapy principles applied to behavior change includeshaping.self-talk.punishment.enabling.